Please welcome Sally Apokedak as our guest today. She was an instructor at the Florida Christian Writer’s Conference. Although I didn’t meet Sally, I liked the presentation she gave on FIGURES of SPEECH and thought you might like it too. She’s sharing it with us today.
Sally Apokedak is an associate agent with the Leslie H. Stobbe Literary Agency. To visit her website click HERE.
She’s been studying, reviewing, and marketing children’s books, as well as giving writing instruction for a dozen years. As the manager of the Kidz Book Buzz blog tour she was privileged to work with best-selling and award-winning authors such as Jeanne DuPrau, Ingrid Law, and Shannon Hale. She is presently the YA contributor to Novel Rocket and she teaches at general market and Christian Writers’ conferences across the country.
Sally is interested in representing authors who write children’s books from picture books to young adult (Christian or general market), nonfiction for all ages (Christian or general market), and women’s novels (Christian market). To find out what Sally is looking for and how to submit to her, see below.
Figures of Speech
Compares two items that are not alike most ways, but which are alike in some way. Metaphors state that something is something else—
Envy IS a green-eyed monster
Compares two items that are not alike most ways, but which are alike in some way. Similes differ from metaphors in that they use the words “as” or “like” to compare items—
His throat was AS parched AS the desert.
Her heart was beating LIKE a kettle drum.
Repetition of beginning consonants on stressed syllables—
Big bad Bubba Bazooka and his band of bloody bullies
Ending one clause with one word and repeating that word at the start of the next clause—
For this very reason, make every effort to add to your faith goodness; and to goodness, knowledge; and to knowledge, self-control; and to self-control, perseverance; and to perseverance, godliness; and to godliness, mutual affection; and to mutual affection, love.
Starting several clauses with the same words—
If you prick us, do we not bleed? If you tickle us, do we not laugh? If you poison us, do we not die? And if you wrong us, do we not revenge?
Ending several clauses with the same words—
When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child
Rhyming of vowel sounds inside of words—
She served us pea pods, all soft and mushy.
Repetition of consonants, not at the start of words, but within words—
She wore an itty bitty bikini. I was finding the underwear in the drawer. I listed my postings in alphabetical order.
A rhyme between an internal word and an ending word in a line of poetry—
With two hairy shins and three hairy chins,
My darlin’ is rightly attractive.
I declared my love sweetly and she walloped me neatly
And rendered me slightly inactive.
Words that make the sound they are describing—
cling, clang, zip, zap, wham, blam
Inverted word order—
“Strong is the force, so fight you must,” said Yoda.
Laying out sentences with the most important thing coming first and the least important thing coming last—
He killed her and he left her lying on the side of the road.
Laying out sentences with the least important thing coming first and the most important thing coming last—
He left her lying on the side of the road after he killed her.
Repeated words in successive clauses that fall in transposed order—
I love Harold and Harold loves me.
Anything you can do I can do better. I can do anything better than you.
Although I want to do good, evil is right there with me. For in my inner being I delight in God’s law; but I see another law at work in me
Three words used to express one thought—
Eat, drink, and be merry, for tomorrow we die.
The kitchen was hotter than Arizona in the summer.
Playing something down—
Arizona can get a little warm in the summer, I must admit.
Balancing two parts of a sentence—
so on a very basic level—
He wore the black shoes, the green socks, and the orange cufflinks.
He wore black shoes, green socks, and orange cufflinks.
and on a more sophisticated level—
The law of the Lord is perfect, reviving the soul;
the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple;
the precepts of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart;
the commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes;
the fear of the Lord is clean, enduring forever;
the rules of the Lord are true, and righteous altogether.
Find out more at sally-apokedak.com
Submit to Sally at email@example.com
What Sally is Looking For
Picture Books: I’m looking for quirky, fun, characters and delightful language, with lines that roll and rhymes that rock. Conflict and growth for characters always helps.
Middle Grade Books: I’d love some funny boy books. Boy scientists and boy geniuses are great. I love fantasies, but really want anything with a strong voice.
YA Books: Fantasy is my favorite, and if there’s romance, I love it even more. I still like dystopian, and fairy tales. I love mysteries.
Nonfiction For All Ages: I’m interested in devotional books, Christian living, science for young children, and biography. But you may try me on anything.
Adult Inspirational: I’m looking for adult books for the Christian market, particularly fantasy and romantic suspense.
What Sally is Not Looking For
Any picture books that rhyme where all the rhyming words are one or two syllables, are not going to be right for me, I’m pretty sure.
I am also not a huge fan of issue books and preachy stories. Supernatural books, with angels, demons, or any mix thereof, will probably not catch my fancy. I’m not salivating for werewolves, vampires, ghosts, fairies, or zombies. I’m not into dark and angsty books. I like endings that are full of hope.
How many of these FIGURES of SPEECH did you know?